Japan is also home to tasar silkworms, but the silk these worms produce is green. Because they want to fly. To produce one hundred grams of pure silk, approximately fifteen hundred chrysalis have to die. Unfortunately, most of the silk in the world is grown and harvested in this method. In the year 1991, he invented a technique of obtaining silk without killing the silk worms for the first time in the world known as Ahimsa silk. Non-Violent Silk Production Silk can also be made without killing the caterpillars. You’ll be surprised that still today the only reasonable way to produce silk in mass quantities is by killing the thing that made it. An average factory can produce about six tons of raw silk a month. The process of silk production is known as sericulture. And who does not? Yarn for a silk saree is usually produced by throwing live cocoons of silkworm into boiling water. We then use the pierced cocoons to extract the required yarn, spin the silk fibre and make fabric out of it. Most of the silk … He dreamt but that did not happen in his lifetime. But there are silk saris that are produced without killing the silkworms – it is the Ahimsa Silk. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, he calls this silk ahimsa. The intact cocoons are boiled, killing the silkworm pupa. The silk filaments are then wound on a reel. The amount of usable quality silk in each cocoon is small. In the silk industry, cocoons are killed by steaming or dropping them into boiling water when they are ten days old, before they metamorphose into a moth. It’s also wrinkle-free and has a better fall. Webworms (Hyphantria cunea), also called silkworms because of the silky webs they construct in trees, are fall-appearing larvae that feed on tree leaves. Moreover, researchers have determined that out of the many spe… Rajaiah has won the patent for producing the "Ahimsa" silk. The method of producing silk without boiling and killing the silkworms was founded by Kusuma Rajaiah, a senior technical officer with Andhra Pradesh State Handloom Weavers Cooperative Society Ltd (APCO). Ahimsa is a religious concept which advocates non-violence and a respect for all life. The Better Home is a range of safe and eco-friendly home cleaners by The Better India. And most people know that it is produced by silkworms. Instead of killing one pupa for the silk of the cocoon, it kills hundreds of caterpillars. But maybe not, thought Kusuma. However, the production of the silk is more expensive. His idea involves a gentler method, specifically letting the worms hatch and then using the cocoons once vacant. He gave a message to the Indian silk industry that if silk can be produced without killing silkworms, it would be better. Maintaining enough caterpillars to produce the miles of silk required for cloth breeds conditions that are ideal for caterpillar diseases. A single saree needs upto 50,000 cocoons. Making a Difference – Ahimsa Silk In an article at Outlook India, Mythily Ramachandran writes about Kusuma, who started this ahimsa way of producing silk when he was approached by Janaki Venkataraman, wife of former President R. Venkatraman. For 1 kg of silk to be produced, 3,000 silkworms must feed on 104 kg of mulberry leaves. These caterpillars have a very special job. The method of producing silk without boiling and killing the silkworms was founded by Kusuma Rajaiah, a senior technical officer with Andhra Pradesh State Handloom Weavers Cooperative Society Ltd … Origin of Ahimsa silk: Kusuma Rajaiah, a government officer from India's Andhra Pradesh state, applied the theories behind the Ahimsa way of life to the making of silk and found that it was possible to create silk without killing the creatures that created it. But most of the insects used by the silk industry don’t live past this stage, because they are boiled or gassed alive inside their cocoons, which causes the cocoons to begin unravelling so that workers can obtain the silk threads. Well, the silk farmers don’t want their silk damaged by this fluid, so once the cocoon is completely formed they toss all the sacks into boiling water to kill the silkworms. Silk is beautiful, highly demanded and expensive. The larva begins molting when the head turns darker and may molt about four times after which the body turns sli… But when you dip the cocoon in boiling water or bake it with hot air, you’re killing the pupa inside. The pierced cocoons are spun into yarn. [Note: We've been informed that a company in Oregon, Peace Silk, already uses this technique]. The Hyper-Efficient TWIKE Human-Electric Hybrid Vehicle, The TH Interview: Vinay Gupta on Opensource Disaster Relief and Pod Ambiance, These New Tests Aim to Find Cancer Before It's Diagnosed, Why We Should Build Our Homes the Way We Build Cars, Broad Sustainable Buildings Builds a COVID Hospital in Two Days. For example, a saree which costs 2400 rupees to produce using regular silk, will cost 4000 rupees when made with Ahimsa silk.Rajaiah says: "My inspiration is Mahatma. The bulk of the world’s silk needs Bombyx mori silk moth. He purchases cocoons from mulberry farms in Chittoor district. Alum Mordant Recipe for Dyeing Silk Fabric. Join our community of positive ambassadors. 4. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by silkworms larvae to form cocoons. Some of the traditional silks from Thailand and China use this method. This process is divided into several stages but typically starts from cultivating silkworm on mulberry leaves. Silk Worms. 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