There are also many Pakistanis from the adjacent regions of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan who are conversant in Pashto and count it as their second language. Other Indo-Aryan languages include Gujarati, Kutchi, Memoni and others. Lot of area in Pakistan is lying uncultivated which is boosting the tractors industry in Pakistan. Located on the Arabian Sea, Karachi is also known as the "City of Lights" and "The Bride of the Cities." Population Pyramids: Pakistan - 1990. Sindhi is the common language of the people of Sindh in southern Pakistan and has a rich literary history of its own, traced back to the era of the early Arab arrivals. It is a modern language which is constantly evolving from its original form. On average there are 5,425,746 births and 1,475,411 deaths in Pakistan per year. The current population of Pakistan is 222,692,708 as of Friday, December 4, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. It is widely used, both formally and informally, for personal letters as well as public literature, in the literary sphere and in the popular media. It is estimated that Pakistan's population was over 170,000,000 in mid 2008. The 2016 population for the city is estimated to be 16.62 million.  Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis now reside in towns of 5,000 people or more.. The absence of any Avestan, an older Iranian language, loanwords in Brahui supports this hypothesis. See more from the 2020 Index. Kashmiri (کشمیری) is a Dardic language spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. A majority of commercial banks are private, but the banking sector remains vulnerable to state interference. Agriculture sector is the back bone of Pakistan creating opportunities for prosperous country. Gujari or Gojri (گوجری زبان) is a language closely related to Rajasthani languages, and is spoken in Azad Kashmir, Gilgit–Baltistan and Punjab KPK provinces of Pakistan. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of … . In 2019 2020 the population of Pakistan is 212 123 528 people. According to the World Factbook, Library of Congress, Oxford University, over 96% of the population of Pakistan is Muslim and the remaining 4% is Hindu, Christian, and others. Amongst the more educated social circles of Pakistan, English is seen as the language of upward mobility and its use is becoming more prevalent in upper social circles, often spoken alongside native Pakistani languages. It is therefore a significant cultural and ethnic melting pot. < Saraikis (a transitional group between Punjabis and Sindhis) speaking people make up 10.53% of the total population. Between 1951-1998, the number of people in Pakistan's cities and towns (known as the urban population) increased sevenfold. The majority of Shia Muslims belong to the Ithnā‘Ashariyyah branch, while a smaller number practice Ismailism. Pakistan is ranked 32nd among 42 countries in the Asia–Pacific region, and its overall score is well below the regional and world averages. Nearly all of Pakistan's Muslim population has had some form of education in the reading, writing and pronunciation of the Arabic language.  The majority of this group are ethnic Pashtuns from southeastern Afghanistan. From 1990 to 2018, Pakistan's HDI increased 38.6% from 0.404 to 0.560. The large numbers of Pakistanis living in the Persian Gulf region and in other Middle Eastern countries has further increased the number of people who can speak Arabic in Pakistan. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Pakistan divided by total area of the country. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population increased by over fourfold. Urdu has drawn inspiration from Persian literature and has now an enormous stock of words from that language. population by sex, sex ratio, average household size and growth rate. Sindhi is spoken by over 36 million people in Pakistan and is the official language of Sindh province. , In 1850, the British started developing Karachi as a major port for trade and commerce, resulting in the arrival of a large number immigrants from Rajasthan, Gujarat and Goa. "LAHORE DURING THE GHANAVID PERIOD. Sindh and southern Punjab. There are two major dialect patterns within which the various individual dialects may be classified; these are Pakhto, which is the Northern (Peshawar) variety and the softer Pashto spoken in the southern areas. The standard Punjabi variety is from Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura districts of Pakistani Punjab, and is also nowadays the language of Punjabi literature, film and music, such as Lollywood.  spoken in southern Pakistan, may have evolved from the original languages of Indus valley civilizations at Mehrgarh. They exclude data for Azad Kashmir, the final status of which has not yet been determined. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The Sheedis are Muslims and speak Balochi, Sindhi and Urdu. Home | Country Rankings | Graph The Data | Heat MapExplore the Data | Downloads | FAQs| About The Index. This is the population pyramid for Pakistan. GDP growth, however, has been vigorous for the past five years, led by exports of cotton textiles. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. During 1990–2003, Pakistan sustained its historical lead as the second-most urbanized nation in South Asia with city dwellers making up 36% of its population. Balochi spoken in Balochistan is classified as a members of the Northwestern Iranian languages. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. The remaining large groups include the Muhajir people and the Baloch people, which make up 7.57% and 3.57% of the total population, respectively. They derive their roots from the Sanskrit language of Aryan invaders and are later heavily influenced by the languages of the later Muslim arrivals (i.e., Turkish, Persian, and Arabic), and are all written in a variant of either the Arabic or Nastaliq script. Urdu is a relatively new language but has undergone considerable modification and development, with many borrowings from older languages such as Persian, Arabic, Chagatai and other South Asian languages. population by selective age groups. It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. Kashmiri spoken in north east Azad Kashmir and the adjacent Kashmir valley, (not to be confused with Pahari language spoken in the lower Azad Kashmir) is one of the Dardic languages that has a literary tradition that goes well back into the history whereas other Dardic languages spoken in northern Pakistan, do not have written literature. The current population of Pakistan is 222,499,076, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The current population of Afghanistan is 39,299,994 as of Sunday, December 6, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Pakistan had an estimated population of 169,300,000 as of July 2007,. The Dardic languages are spoken in the northern Pakistan. note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000 Age structure 0-14 years: 36.01% (male 42,923,925/female 41,149,694) Hyderabad Urban Area Population History. The name Balochi or Baluchi is not found before the 10th century. Compiled by Ayesha Younas A Project of CSS Writing Club Pakistan’s Stance: Revolt is from Indigenous Population. Non-Indo-European languages include Brahui and Burushaski, a language isolate. Sindhi literature is also spiritual in nature. Created during the partition of India in 1947, Pakistan remains a relatively unstable democracy that is threatened by sectarian and terrorist violence. The tax system remains complex despite previous reforms to cut rates and broaden the tax base. It is one of the 9 distinguished languages of Pakistan. The religious breakdown of the Pakistani population is as follows: This article is about the demographic features of the population of Pakistan. These are also, to a lesser extent, mutually intelligible with Urdu. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. The main Iranian contributor to Brahui vocabulary, Balochi, is a western Iranian language like Kurdish, and moved to the area from the west only around 1000 CE. All the rest (93.5%) are Sunnis (ignoring the fact the Shi'ism is a totally different religion than Islam). The population is large, but the country is small: The population of Pakistan is the fifth highest in the … ", harv error: no target: CITEREFMallory1989 (. This group is dwindling because of its age. The largest ethnic group is the Punjabi, with 45 percent of the total population. 1951 247,000 Pashto, Yidgha and Wakhi are Eastern Iranian languages spoken in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. The judiciary is politicized and frequently issues rulings that are seen as aligned with the priorities of the military. The Pashtuns (originally from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FATA and northern Balochistan, are now the city's second largest ethnic group in Karachi after Muhajirs. The following statistics are for 1 July 2010. Kalam Valley of upper Swat), Kalash (spoken by Kalash tribe), Kohistani (spoken in upper Swat and Kohistan) and Kashmiri mostly by Immigrants from Kashmir valley and by a few in the Neelum District. In reality Shia are between 7.5% to 11%. Projections are based on collected census and survey data for the base year (around 2010) and the Medium Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP2) projection model. Since Balochi is a poetic and rich language and have a certain degree of affinity to Urdu, Balochi poets tend to be very good poets in Urdu as well as Ata Shaad, Gul Khan Nasir and Noon Meem Danish are excellent examples of this. The largest Sindhi-speaking cities are Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Shikarpur, Dadu, Jacobabad, Larkana, Mirpur Khas, Thatta, Badin and Nawabshah. Administrative Subdivision. In the northern half, most of the population lives about an arc formed by the cities of Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Islamabad, Multan, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Nowshera, Swabi, Mardan and Peshawar. Pakistan has a multicultural and multi-ethnic society and hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world as well as a young population. China has pledged over $60 billion in infrastructure and energy investments in a China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. Government spending has amounted to 21 percent of the country’s output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 5.5 percent of GDP. Pakistan's population has increased by more than six-folds since the first post-independence census held in 1951. It is believed that the language was brought to its present location in a series of migrations Aleppo, Syria. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census.  Other Indo-European languages spoken in Pakistan include Pothohari, Shina, Balti, Gujjari, Kutchi, Wakhi, Kashmiri, Marwari, Memoni, Khowar, and Dari Persian. Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. The overall tax burden equals 12.5 percent of total domestic income. Pakistan population is … The official language is English and the national language is Urdu, the census indicates that around 8% of the population speak Urdu as their first language.  There are also smaller groups of Muslim immigrants from countries such as Burma, Bangladesh, Iraq, Somalia, Iran, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, among others.  However it has now been demonstrated that the Brahui could only have migrated to Balochistan from central India after 1000 CE. Pakistan is also very close to Tajikistan, but the two countries are separated by the Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan. Minor improvements in the business start-up process fall far short of what is needed. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. Urdu has been promoted as a token of national unity. Balochi is a provincial language spoken as the first language by about 3.5% of Pakistanis, mostly in Balochistan. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. Trade Freedom 64.8 Create a Graph using this measurement, Investment Freedom 55.0 Create a Graph using this measurement, Financial Freedom 40.0 Create a Graph using this measurement. It is believed to be the result of the northern areas of Pakistan having remained isolated in the mountain valleys from the others for centuries. Population of Pakistan Pakistan's population estimate as of 2015 was 199,085,847, making it the sixth most populous nation on Earth. Rate of natural increase is approximately 1.90 percent per year. The main Iranian contributor to Brahui vocabulary, Balochi, is a western Iranian language like Kurdish, and moved to the area from the west only around 1000 CE.. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the no… Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. There are over 500,000 Gujari speakers in Pakistan. , After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many Muslims from India migrated to Pakistan and they are the largest group of foreign-born residents. The Eastern Hill Balochi or Northern Balochi are distinct dialects. Usually concentrated in the heavily populated areas east of the Indus River, the Indo-Aryan languages and their cultures form the predominant cultural group in the country. It is written in the Arabic script with several additional letters to accommodate special sounds. It is a standardized register of Hindustani and in its spoken form. They include Shina (spoken in Gilgit, Chilas and Diamar), Khowar (spoken in Chitral, Ghizer, Swat and the balti language (spoken in [baltistan] including [skardu] district and [Ghanche] district. In the past, the country's population had a relatively high growth rate that has been changed by moderate birth rates. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. Many Arabs who took part in the Afghanistan war have now settled in Pakistan permanently with their families. Property Rights 48.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Judicial Effectiveness 43.2 Create a Graph using this measurement, Government Integrity 29.7 Create a Graph using this measurement. Almost all Pakistanis ethnics groups belong to the Indo-Iranian linguistic group of the Indo-European branch. literacy ratio by sex. The UN Security Council resolutions of August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949, proposed the plebiscite option for resolving the Kashmir Dispute. Urdu, the country's national language, is an Indo-Aryan tongue. Pashto is a provincial language spoken as a first language by about 15% of Pakistanis, mostly in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistan as well as by immigrants to the eastern provinces. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Pakistan's Constitution and laws are written in English.  If combined, Iranian peoples who speak Pashto, Balochi, Yidgha and Wakhi comprise about 18% of the population of Pakistan, and are concentrated in the northwest and west of Pakistan. ), This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 20:43. To obtain a $6 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund in 2019, the government agreed to cut subsidies for fuel and other commodities. In recent years, the Urdu spoken in Pakistan has undergone further evolution and acquired a particularly "Pakistani flavour", often absorbing local native terminology and adopting a strong Punjabi, Sindhi and Pashto leaning in terms of intonations and vocabulary. Urdu, or Lashkari (لشکری), is the national language of Pakistan, the lingua franca chosen to facilitate communication between the country's diverse linguistic populations. In 2018, the total population of Pakistan amounted to approximately 200.96 million inhabitants. Vicholi is considered as the standard dialect by all Sindhi speakers. It is an Indo-Aryan (Indo-European) language. 1950 232,000. The structure of the population by five-year age groups and gender is: The structure of the population by coarse age groups and gender is: Fertility rate (TFR) (wanted fertility rate) and CBR (crude birth rate): Source: UN World Population Prospects, As adultery is a crime punishable by death in Pakistan, just in the main cities 1,210 infants were killed or abandoned to die (2010), 90% of them girls and most less than a week old according to conservative estimates by the Edhi Foundation, a charity working to reverse this increasing trend. The Sindhi language has six major dialects: Sireli, Vicholi, Lari, Thari, Lasi and Kachhi. Punjabi does not have any official status in Pakistan.  Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country. The first poetry in Urdu was by the poet Amir Khusro (1253–1325) and the first Urdu book Woh Majlis was written in 1728; the first time the word "Urdu" was used was by Sirajuddin Ali Khan Arzoo in 1741. , 2018 Information on Pakistani provinces/regions, compared to other countries, estimated at three decimal places is provided below:, definition: aged 10 and over with the "Ability to read and understand simple text in any language from a newspaper or magazine, write a simple letter and perform basic mathematical calculation (ie, counting and addition/subtraction)." The demographic history of Pakistan from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization to modern era includes the arrival and settlement of many cultures and ethnic groups in the modern region of Pakistan from Central Asia, Europe and the nearby Middle East. Most Pakistanis speak or understand at least two to three languages and almost all Pakistanis speak or understand the national language, Urdu. Approximately 1.4 million Afghan citizens (most being native Pashtuns) reside in Pakistan on a temporary bases. , Hazaragi, spoken by the Hazaras in Pakistan, is similar to Dari. note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000 Age structure 0-14 years: 26.31% (male 185,017,089/female 163,844,572) Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Regulatory inefficiencies, complex labor laws, and an unreliable security situation continue to burden the business environment.  spoken in southern Pakistan, primarily in Kalat in Balochistan. There are over 100,000 Kashmiri speakers in Pakistan. However, due to rapid urbanization and modernization, the use of Urdu as a primary language is increasing, especially amongst the growing urbanized middle class of Pakistan. Business Freedom 54.9 Create a Graph using this measurement, Labor Freedom 41.3 Create a Graph using this measurement, Monetary Freedom 72.5 Create a Graph using this measurement. ", "In a city of ethnic friction, more tinder", "UN body, police baffled by minister's threat against Afghan refugees", "Pakistan's regional languages face extinction", "Ethnologue report for Pakistan: Languages of Pakistan", "Religions: Muslim 95% (Sunni 65%, Shia 30%), other (includes Hindus and Christians ) 5%", "Most Pakistanis and Urdu speakers live in this Australian state", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Pakistan&oldid=992161000, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 35.4% (male 35,475,647 / female 33,586,757), 60.4% (male 60,766,105 / female 56,886,961), 4.2% (male 3,890,840 / female 4,325,538) (Jan. 2017), total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2011), Maternal mortality ratio: 320 (2009 est. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 220,892,340. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Pakistan had a population of 45.0 million people. Public debt is equivalent to 72.1 percent of GDP. The Mengals are a famous Brahvi tribe. A file photo provided shows samples of a vaccine against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. , Dramatic social changes have led to rapid urbanisation and the emergence of megacities. It is written in a modified form of the Perso-Arabic script, Nastaliq, and its basic Hindi-based vocabulary has been enriched by words from Persian, Arabic, Turkic languages and English. It is spoken in central and east central Balochistan. The Brahui population of Balochistan has been taken by some as the linguistic equivalent of a relict population, perhaps indicating that Dravidian languages were formerly much more widespread and were supplanted by the incoming Indo-Aryan languages. Shah Abdul Latif Bhita'i (1689–1752) is one of its greatest poets, and wrote Sassi Punnun and Umar Marvi, folk stories, in his famous book Shah Jo Risalo. It is spoken by almost 92% of the population, making Pakistan a unique country in its choice of a national language. Chart and table of Pakistan population density from 1950 to 2020. Punjabi, Hindko and Seraiki, all mutually intelligible, are classified by linguists as dialects of an Indo-Aryan speech called Lahnda, also spelled as Lehnda. There are some languages that are spoken by less than a thousand people, such as Aer. Consequently, the social fabric of Sindh contains elements of Arabic society. This language change was designed to institute a universal language throughout the then British Raj in South Asia as well as minimize the influence that Persia, the Ottoman Empire and Afghanistan had on this transitional region. The second-largest group of foreign-born residents consists of refugees from Afghanistan who are expected to leave Pakistan by the end of 2018. Around 1–1.5% of the Pakistani population has Brahui as their first language. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Pakistan. Former cricket star Imran Khan became prime minister after his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party won a plurality in the July 2018 election on promises of job creation, new housing, and economic reforms. Numerous other languages are spoken by relatively small numbers of people, especially in some of the more remote and isolated places in, for example, the Northern Areas of Pakistan. The average applied tariff rate is 10.1 percent, and 79 nontariff measures are in force. Modern Pakistan’s population can be divided broadly into five major and several minor ethnic groups. Pakistan population density is 260.6 people per square kilometer (675.0/mi 2) as of December 2020. The current population of Pakistan is 182,1 million people. Pashtuns make up the second largest ethnic group and Sindhi are the third-largest ethnic group. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. See how Pakistan compares to another country using any of the measures in the Index. It is the first language of most Muhajirs – Muslim refugees that arrived from different parts of India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and that form nearly 8% of Pakistan's population – and is an acquired language by nearly all of Pakistan's native ethnic groups. Populated country in the world with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and 79 nontariff are. And Urdu, as well as by a large number of people in.... Indo-European languages and almost all Pakistanis speak or understand the national language million... 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